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〜なくて

Not X, so Y/Because X, Y

N5

〜なくて

Not X, so Y/Because X, Y

About

なくて is used to form the negative て form of a verb, noun, or な-adjective. なくて form verbs, in particular, are generally used to provide the reason for a following statement.

To form the なくて form of a verb, simply add なくて to a verb's negative stem form.

Dictionary form →

Negative, Stem form →

なくて form

べる

ない

なくて

ない

なくて

To form the なくて form of an い-adjective, attach なくて to an い-adjective's continuative form (い → く).

Dictionary form →

Continuative form →

なくて form

さむい

さむく

さむくなくて

To form the なくて form of a noun or な-adjective, attach じゃない or ではない (formal) and conjugate the final ない as you would an い-adjective.

Dictionary form →

Attach じゃない・ではない

なくて form

学生がくせい

学生がくせいじゃない

学生がくせいじゃなくて

きれい

きれいではない

きれいではなくて

なくて form nouns/な-adjectives do not always have a nuance of providing reason, and often simply say "X is not Y, but rather Z".

    Summary

  • b

    Form the negative て form of a noun, adjective, or verb by attaching なくて

  • b

    なくて form verbs imply that they are the reason for the following statement

Example Sentences

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