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~込む(こむ)

To do... (well/thoroughly/for a long time/inside)

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~込む(こむ)

To do... (well/thoroughly/for a long time/inside)

About

The verb む ("to put into") can attach to a verb's stem form to form a compound verb. Usage of ~む can be separated generally into two categories: verbs of movement, and non-movement verbs.

込む adds the nuance that a verb is done, thoroughly/deeply, or that an action goes "into" something else.

E.g. はしる "to run" + む = はしむ "to run into (something)"

E.g. ぶ "to fly; jump" + む = む "to jump/fly into (something)"

With verbs of movement, む can add the meaning of "in/into", or deepen said meaning if it already exists.

E.g. マイクはサウナからたあと、うみんだ

"After Mike got out of the sauna, Mike jumped into the ocean."

E.g. タイムカプセルを、ふかさ1メートルくらいのところにんだ

"We thoroughly buried the time capsule about a meter down."

む can also be used with verbs that don't involve any motion at all. For these verbs, む usually indicates that something is done thoroughly, for a long time, or until a certain result is achieved.

E.g. 友達ともだちはなんでいたら終電しゅうでんがなくなってしまった。

"I got lost in conversation with my friend and missed the last train."

E.g. この作品さくひん細部さいぶまでつくまれている

"This work has been perfected down to the details."

    Summary

  • b

    む attaches to a verb's stem form to form a compound verb

  • b

    Usage of む can be separated generally into two categories: verbs of movement, and non-movement verbs

  • b

    With verbs of movement, む can add the meaning of "in/into", or deepen said meaning if it already exists

  • b

    With non-movement verbs, む can indicate that a verb is done "well/thoroughly", until a certain result is achieved, or that it is done "repeatedly/for a long time"

Explained in

Example Sentences

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