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以上・以下・以外

More/less than/except

N4

以上・以下・以外

More/less than/except

About

以上いじょう combines with nouns that are counters/numbers/amounts and means "more than". 以上いじょう can also be used as "the end" or "that's all".

E.g. りんごがふた以上いじょうあれば大丈夫だいじょうぶ。 "It's okay as long as there are moer than two apples."

E.g. 以上いじょうです! "That's all"

以下いか combines with nouns that are counters/numbers/amounts and means "less than". 以下いか can also be used as "the following", usually on documents.

E.g. 0以下いか無理むりです。 "I can't handle temperatures below zero degrees."

以外いがい combines with a noun or verb and means "other than".

E.g. おちゃ抹茶まっちゃ以外いがい全部ぜんぶきです。 "As for tea, I like anything other than matcha."

    Summary

  • b

    以上いじょう means "more than" or "the end/that's all"

  • b

    以下いか means "less than" or "the following"

  • b

    以外いがい means "other than"

Example Sentences

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